Kevin Plath


1/128 Scale Model

Section Detail

My approach to this project began with creating a series of diagrams illustrating spatial relations between program at different times of day (which can be seen here https://htdesignresearch.wordpress.com/2010/04/27/time-space-program-diagram-3/).  This information revealed that during the day the station would mostly be used for transit or work related events, and at night for more entertainment purposes.  With this in mind I designated the first floor for public concourse to where people can move freely from one place to the other, and the second floor for entertainment and relaxation to where someone may stay for longer periods of time.  The exterior space on the second floor is covered by an open canopy supported by the Wheatley trusses, which provides shade but allows for the space to remain exterior.  Each floor is easily accessible by either the parking garage, entrance ramp, or two story spaces.
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For these diagrams I broke the program up into five main categories: Transportation, Parking, Emloyment, Retail, and Entertainment.  In the first diagram I placed each piece of program within larger bubbles of these categories and used arrows to show spatial relations and interactions.  The size of the bubble indicates the amount of time someone may remain in the space, and the colors indicate times of day in which these spaces are most busy (yellow:morning, green:night, and blue:all day).  For the second set of diagrams I simplified the original by grouping together pieces of program into clusters, and using two separate diagrams to compare conditions in the morning and night.  The size of the bubble is determined by the spaces importance and the lines show movement trends at that specific time of day.

We chose to focus on infrastructure, which then narrowed down to the efficiency of movement throughout the site.  This diagram uses a living thing, in this case a duck, in which its organs represent areas of different function throughout the site such as worker areas, transit areas, and retail/entertainment areas.  The veins (paths) allow for every space to be connected to where you can reach each different organ (spaces) from any other one.  Lastly we placed the duck on top of the site to where the post office was situated in the same location as the heart to signify its importance to the site and its influence on the overall design of the project.

Our concept for this project is to show that from the street the house will portray the illusion of blending in with other homes around the Broadmoor neighborhood, however through further investigation one will realize that as the form moves away from the street the house becomes more and more deviated from what it was originally assumed to be.  We also developed a figure eight type circulation as one moves from the ground up through the house and vice versa.  The construction of the carport and stairs sets up a very clear direction of movement by simply altering each structural brace to create a curved vortex-like space drawing one in from the street. The curvature of the roof allows for rainwater to be concentrated and seen directly above the house’s main hallway, which runs straight from the front to the back doors keeping the traditional shotgun feel.  This hallway acts as the main axis of the house’s interior to which everything branches off of, and with its diagonal placement across the house, allows for the figure eight circulation from the ground up to be possible.  The interior is divided up into multiple levels, which allows for smaller spaces to form within the context of one large open space. Lastly, by strategically removing finished surfaces from the interior walls we are able to engage the inhabitant in the complexity and purpose of the construction system as well as separating spaces according to their use.

This project applied principles and techniques used in boat construction to a greywater filtration and reuse system.  In a typical greywater system water enters either through a sink, shower, or washing machine.  From there it is lead to a septic tank and then sent through a series of filters, which sends it back for reuse.  In the original composition the system is divided into interior and exterior spaces by two walls meeting at a corner in which the system essentially revolves around.  The most influential, as well as challenging, aspect of the design was making the system properly function solely by the forces of nature with no added mechanical devices.  Essentially the system functions through the use of gravity, leading rainwater down from a collector, which then slowly makes its way through the rest of the system.  Once the original design was complete, assignment three lead us to research the boat construction process.  With more recent technologies, the design and construction of boats has become much more efficient than it was in the past.  Typically the boat is designed and put into programs such as AutoCAD and Solidworks.  At this point the dimensions for the pieces are sent to a “nest” which sorts them according to sheet thickness.  Once sorted in the “nest” they are then each cut out with a router and grouped together according to where they are located on the boat, such as the hull or deck.  From there workers piece the boat together in sections, using jigs to hold it in place as ribs and frames are installed.  When each segment of the boat is finished, all the pieces are fitted together and fine tuned to form the finished product.  Through the understanding of this process, as well as our research, we learned valuable information on the use of different materials, jigs, ribs, frames, skins, bends, and joints, which we carried over to further test the construction process and structural stability of a boats construction system.  We primarily focused on the use of different sized ribs within a bent skin and how this aided in the frames strength, allowing increased stability at a particular joint.  In our model we tried to test the strength of this structuring system at a primary central location using solely the structure provided by each piece with no additional support.  By doing this we pushed the ribbed system to its limits using nothing more than itself to successfully provide support in an unusual, strenuous way.  With the knowledge acquired from this test and research we moved into assignment four.  We approached the redesign of the previous greywater system with the goal of maintaining the same functionality as the original.  The most influential factor to the redesign was the application of structures used in boat construction to the previous composition.  We wanted to use techniques from both wood and metal construction throughout the model.  The shower drainage system was constructed using a single sheet, which was bent and welded together to form the finished piece.  A ribbed system was applied to the construction of the wall as well as septic tank forming a very sturdy structure.  Jigs were used to hold each filter and were inserted through slats in the exterior wall directly underneath a rib for extra support.  An unsealed clinker style paneling was used on a sand filter to allow water to slowly leak through the slats dripping to the next filter.  Essentially the final design functions the same way as the original system.  Rainwater is brought in to be used as a shower or similar function, and slowly drips through small openings in the drainage system to a septic tank.  In the tank, the solids materials which are more or less dense than the water separate, leaving greywater which is forced to a small pipe.  Once the water reaches the pipe, hydraulics sends the water up to a spout sending it to the sand filters.  In the filters, the water slowly drips through the sand, gradually disinfecting until it then leaks out onto a flowerbed.  The boat construction system is something that could influence design due to the sturdiness of the ribbed frame structure and the success that jigs have on holding a form in place.  In terms of constructing with metal, the consideration and use boat building techniques can significantly cut down on time, materials, and labor, which are all extremely important throughout any given project.

Assignment 3 Model

Boat Construction Diagram

Final Model Exterior

Final Model Interior

Workflow Diagram

Before and After Axonometrics

Process Sketches

System Diagram

For this project I chose to research a grey water filtration/reuse system.  For a basic grey water system, water typically enters through a shower, sink, or laundry machine, which is then lead off to a set of filters.  The first type of filter is a septic tank, which separates solids that are more/less dense than the water itself.  From there it is sent through a sand and gravel filter, which slowly disinfects the grey water.  Once the filtration is complete the water is sent either back to the house for reuse or outside for irrigation.  In my particular system I showed a simple grey water system, which allows for rainwater to enter a shower-like area and run through a series of small drains, slowing the water down on its way to the septic tank.  From there hydraulics force the water up a small pipe to an overflow container, sending water to the sand filters.  In the sand filters the water hits a series of repetitive planes, forcing it to slow down.  Once it reaches the gravel filter the water speeds up due to less contradictory planes which then leads towards vegetation.  Throughout this whole process one may view the water as it enters the first space, and as it is being filtered due to a window in the shower-like space or a glass plane along the sand filters.  By making the filtration process visible, it allows for a person to observe and interact with the system as it functions.

Advance Framing Techniques

Shows differences between standard and advanced framing as well as different types of efficient framing